Moscow Yaroslavskaya railway station, 1902, designed by Fyodor Schechtel, Moscow
Fyodor Schechtel (1859-1926) It can be asserted that Schechtel’s work, to a large extent, defined Moscow’s appearance, along with other Russian architects.
This architect worked in many styles - Gothic, Russian, and Byzantine – but his genius lay in the Russian Art Nouveau that garnered him worldwide fame: Yaroslavskaya Railway Station (1902), the Ryabushinsky Mansion (1900), “The Morning of Russia” printing house (1909), and other completely different kinds of buildings for completely different purposes.
From private estates to industrial design to mausoleums and tombstones in Moscow cemeteries, his talent was multi-faceted. He produced sketches, worked as an artist for magazines, and was a stage designer for theatrical performances. He made the famous “Seagull” that became the symbol for the Chekhov Moscow Art Theatre. The theatre's buidling itself, including the inside layout, was created by Schechtel.
A genius of form and style, after the revolution Schechtel’s services were no longer in demand, and the man who was the most respected architect at the start of the 20th century died in poverty in 1926.