The Worker and Kolkhoz Woman Sculpture (sculptor V. Mukhina, 1937) is a real symbol of not only Moscow, but the entire USSR.
In addition, many visitors to Moscow do not know what a Kolkhoznitsa or Kolkhoz mean (collective farm and a female worker there). It is a rarity in the city, and one that literally “traveled” to Paris, where in 1937 it represented the USSR (the sculpture was erected on the roof of the USSR Pavilion).
Art historians note the uniqueness of the sculpture, embodying dynamics, swiftness, and freedom, while the atmosphere of 1937 was exactly the reverse - the peak of Stalin's repression. After the exhibition in Paris, the sculpture returned to Moscow, and in 2009 it was installed on a new pedestal that reproduced the USSR pavilion at the exhibition (in terms of height) and houses several museum exhibition halls.
The fate of the sculpture and its creator, Vera Mukhina, is complex, and reflects the country’s history. You can learn about this from the story told by our guide.